About Rang De
I'm confused, Whats this initiative
Rang De is an Internet based social initiative that supports rural entrepreneurs from low-income households by providing access to low cost microcredit. We aim to address credit needs for business and education of the low income households we reach out to as well as organisations and collectives who share our mission and values. Rang De microcredit for business and education is funded by individuals and corporate social investors.
What's the difference between the Rang De model and traditional micro-finance?
Rang De is an innovative attempt to bring down the cost of microcredit by enabling individuals to lend small sums of money via our online portal (www.rangde.org). The main difference between Rang De and traditional microfinance is Rang De's focus on its mission to lower the interest rate and its fund raising model. By raising social investments from individuals, Rang De is able to bring down the cost of microcredit and offer loans to people at rates that were once unthinkable.
Is Rang De a non-profit organisation?
Yes, we are and we will always be. Read more about our organisation structure.
How is Rang De different from other peer-to-peer lending models?
Rang De leverages the internet and the peer to peer model to lower the cost of microcredit. We ensure that we make good use of getting low cost capital from social investors and transfer the benefit to the end user. Our interest rates to the end
user ranges from 6%flat p.a. to 10% flat p.a. Our particular focus on underserved communities ensures that low cost capital comes from the ones who want to help and reaches the beneficiaries that need it the most.
Interest rates that the borrower pays for every loan product is published on the website. Rang De's impact Partners are not allowed to charge documentation charges or loan processing fees. If these come to light, depending on the severity, the partnership is either terminated or suspended. And yes, we do believe that just like there can be good stories, there are distress stories as well - both of which are shared with social investors.
What is the interest rate breakup on the loan products that Rang De offers?
The interest rate breakup of borrower repayments (in flat rates) for each of our loan products is shown below.
|Loan Product||Impact Partner||Rang De||Social Investor||Contingency||Total (Flat)||Total (APR)*|
|Working Capital for Artisans||-||2.00%||2.00%||1.00%||5.00%||8.98%|
|*APR interest rates are calculated on a monthly repayment schedule.|
The interest rate breakup of the yield to each stakeholder (in APY) for each of our loan products is shown below.
|Loan Product||Impact Partner||Rang De||Social Investor||Contingency||Total (APY)*|
|Working Capital for Artisans||3.59||3.59%||1.80%||5.00%||8.98%|
|*APY interest rates are calculated on a monthly repayment schedule.|
Does Rang De accepts donations?
Yes, we do! You can donate to our operations here or you can use our Donate to Invest option (read more about this option here). Both these options are exempt from tax under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act. You can download your 80G receipt here.
What is Swabhimaan?
Over the years, we have noticed that despite various changes in the system, a majority of women are still not able to access formal credit. Not only that, the levels of financial literacy are abysmally low making these women susceptible to falling prey to the perils of informal credit sources. Swabhimaan is an initiative to reach the remotest corners of the country and provide affordable loans to women borrowers. Swabhimaan uses superior technology with Aaadhaar and UPI as its foundation to pioneer a credit scoring system and credit score based loan approvals. Not just that, it also provides loans which are customisable. In essence, with Swabhimaan, rural Indians will have access to loans with the same level of flexibility that you enjoy in the city. Moreover, we will utilise the incentive of an affordable and attractive financial product to impart financial literacy to women so they can be better informed in the future when availing financial products from various sources.
Why do we need Swabhimaan?
Because we believe that we are on the cusp of change. We believe that technology has caught up to the extent that rural Indians can now be profiled and given fair credit ratings so that they can get loans at affordable terms with dignity. We want
to reduce the inefficiencies in the rural credit ecosystem by producing a model that stands out as an example for others to follow.
Most loans that are provided at this point are not customised to the person’s needs. For instance, if a woman wants to borrow a small amount of Rs 2500 or 3000 to meet the daily expenses of the family, that option is not available to her. The only loan she can avail amounts to between Rs 10,000–15,000. Similarly, farmers could be required to repay loans even before the harvest is ready while they would be in a much better position to repay post-harvest. We want to give rural India this flexibility - in terms of principal amount, the tenure and the rate of repayment. We want to give them a loan which works for them.
What is the guarantee of repayment?
As a pilot project, we cannot offer a guarantee. Our experience over the past nine years, however, has helped us understand how rural microcredit should work. We firmly believe that with financial literacy training, data science and an element of empathy achieved through trained representatives (Rang De mitras) on the ground, we will continue to posit the impressive rates we have demonstrated so far. As you might know, our repayment rates are as high as 93% currently.
How is this different from the existing Rang De model?
Currently, we give loans at affordable rates through impact Partners — these are other NGOs, cooperative societies and organisations. While this model works, women who are not associated with a self-help group (a group of women who band together and are given credit together) are excluded from this model. More importantly, while in this model women get money and support to grow their business, they don’t get it with the same flexibility and respect with which you get a loan in the city. If you were to go to a bank, the bank would offer you a customised loan based on your financial capabilities and financial histories. We want to bring the same approach to rural India.
How will this project be implemented?
At the pilot village, we are installing something called bioscope which is a modern, digital version of the traditional bioscope which were used to watch movies. The Rang De bioscope will allow these women to undergo training in financial literacy, help them complete an individual assessment and let them apply for loans. All the relevant material will be made available to them in local languages as well. To ensure we don’t miss out on the human element, each village will also have a Rang De Mitra who will ensure participation in financial literacy session and help build the community to become model borrowers.
How can I help?
You can help us by investing in the women of Yesvantpura village, who are part of our pilot initiative. You can also help us by spreading the word and helping us get in touch with interested parties that can help make this pilot project a success. We would love for you to reach out to us and let us know what you think as well at email@example.com.
What does this mean for the future?
If successful, we will look to replicate this effort in as many villages as possible. It will mean that all villages of India will be linked to social investors like you. It will mean that we will need the support of thousands of Indians like you as potentially millions of Indians from across the villages of India will look for an alternative source of credit.
What is Microcredit?
Microcredit refers to small size loans that are collateral free and are lent to low income households to meet their working capital needs. Typically, the loan size varies from Rs. 5000 to Rs. 40000. These loans are usually utilised for income generation activities. The borrower then repays the loans according to a preset repayment plan.
How can Microcredit make a difference?
Microcredit provides the much-needed financial stability that is needed in many low income households in Indian villages, semi-urban and urban areas. It gives them the opportunity to access finance at reasonable rates of interest and provides
a healthy and sustainable alternative to the local money lender.
An example : Malabai Laxman Mujmule runs a grocery shop in their locality. Malabai, a differently abled individual, took over the store after her father passed away. With a phone, she calls suppliers and gets goods and attends to the store. She realized that she can earn better if she offered new items for sale but lacks the spare funds required for such an expansion. So she applied to Rang De for a loan. She now earns around Rs 7,000 per month and is able to save half of that amount becoming financially independent and making it easier to take care of her elderly mother.
Like Malabai, there are tens of thousands of people across India who want to make a beginning towards financial independence. And microcredit provides the means to achieve this independence.
How does traditional microfinance work?
Traditionally, microfinance institutions borrow capital from the banks at a fixed rate of interest of 5.5% to 8.3% (or 10% - 12% diminishing rate of interest) and the MFI (microfinance institution) then adds the cost of servicing the loan before disbursing the loan to the borrower. Thus, the interest paid by the borrower of microcredit ranges from 13.5% - 20% fixed rate of interest (or 24% - 36% diminishing rate of interest) depending on the cost incurred by the MFI for servicing the loan.
What is an MFI?
An MFI is a Microfinance Institution. Most MFIs are non-governmental organisations registered as trusts or societies. Microfinance is the provision of financial services to low-income clients or solidarity lending groups including consumers and the self-employed who traditionally lack access to banking and related services. More broadly, it is a movement whose object is "a world in which as many poor and near-poor households as possible have permanent access to an appropriate range of high quality financial services, including not just credit but also savings, insurance, and fund transfers". Those who promote microfinance generally believe that such access will help poor people find their way out of poverty.
What is a Microventure?
To make a difference in the lives of rural Indians, we depend on grassroots organisations. These organisations have been working for the welfare of various communities for many years These microventures take working capital loans and represent the interests of a community that we have visited in order to verify their need for social investment. See the list of microventures seeking working capital loans here.
How do Microventures make a difference?
Microventures have helped weavers find markets, farmers learn new techniques and children from orphanages get better life outcomes. These microventures have a deep understanding of the problems of the community and the area and have a close relationship that ensures positive changes in time.
How do they traditionally get finance?
Traditionally,they can get loans from banks and other microfinancial institutions but at high rates and at terms that are not always suitable for the organisation. While they offer stable wages to their members, they take on the risk of selling their wares (produce, woven products, food products etc) which makes it difficult for them to achieve sustainability.
How do Rang De loans make a difference?
Rang De loan products for microventures are designed after careful consultation with the management and community members taking into account their differing needs and unique circumstances. Rang De loans offer them much-needed support and greater visibility oftentimes helping them connect with individuals that are keen to partner further in advancing their social mission in their respective geographical area.
Why do you do Education loans?
With parents of the children from the communities we work with often earning a very low income, it is a struggle for these children to consider studying beyond primary school. Oftentimes, these children also want to attend private schools as they
offer better teaching and educational prospects.
Hence, we decided to offer education loans with interest rates as low as 2.5%, we offer the cheapest education loans funded by Indians helping students from rural areas go as far as they can. See the list of students seeking education loans here.
Why can't these students go to banks for Education loans?
It is often very difficult for these students or their parents to avail education loans because of a variety of reasons. With low or no incomes, traditional sources of finance do not consider them worthy borrowers and often deny them much-needed finance.
How do Rang De Education loans make a difference?
We have noticed that education financing for students from rural backgrounds works best when they are disbursed through organisations that work in the field of rural development. They understand the challenges that these students go through and give them mentoring and career guidance to ensure they achieve positive life outcomes.
Investing on Rang De
What is the minimum and maximum investment?
The minimum investment amount is INR 100 and the maximum investment amount can be anything the investor is willing to invest. A social investor can invest to fulfil the loan amount for a borrower or split their investments among multiple borrowers.
Where can I track progress on my investment?
As a social investor, you can log in to your account using your email address registered on www.rangde.org. Once you log in, you can access the repayment progress made by all your borrowers. You will also receive a statement of social investments on a monthly basis from our team.
How do I make a social investment?
You can make a social investment in borrowers of your choice by following the steps below :
- View our borrower listing and enter the amounts you would like to invest in borrowers of your choice.
- Review your selection and continue
- Choose whether you want to contribute your return on investment and/or make a donation to Rang De
- Make a payment towards your social investment using Rang De credit or your preferrred payment option.
Should you desire to make a donation that keeps giving, you can also sign up for our Donate To Invest option. Follow the steps outlined above and the amount you contribute will be re-utilised when the borrowers repay and be invested in the loan requirements of other borrowers.
You can also make a quick investment where you can enter the amount you would like to invest and the system will select borrowers on your behalf by following the steps below:
- Enter the amount of your choice.
- Choose your preferences by selecting the "Select borrowers using my preferences". option or let the system choose borrowers on your behalf by selecting the "Select borrowers using Rang De's preferences" option
- Choose whether you want to contribute your return on investment and/or make a donation to Rang De
- Make a payment towards your social investment using Rang De credit or your preferrred payment option
What is Quick Invest?
The quick invest option allows you to make a social investment without choosing individual borrowers. You will be prompted to set your preferences based on which the system will allocate your funds to borrowers. In case, there are no borrowers meeting your preference, the system will allocate it when there are borrowers of your preference.
What is the Donate option about?
The Donate option allows you to make a donation to the Rang De model (not to the operations of the organisation). You can choose any borrower or a set of borrowers and make a donation that will stay within the system. As and when the borrowers repay the amount, the money will be cycled back towards other borrowers and continue to make an impact. Unlike a social investment, you will not be able to withdraw the amount.
What is a social investment?
Any fund provided to beneficiaries listed on RangDe.Org is a social investment. The money is provided to beneficiaries for their income-generating livelihood activities activities and education needs.
Are social investments on Rang De exempt from Tax?
No. Only donations made to Rang De for its operations are exempt from tax as well as social investments made under Donate to Invest which cannot be withdrawn from the system.
Are social investments on Rang De treated as donations?
Social Investments on Rang De are different from donations as the investors get back the principal invested along with a nominal financial return when the borrowers pay back their loan. Even though the financial return is nominal, the social return is phenomenal. However, any investments made through the Donate workflow are treated as donations to the revolving fund set up cannot be withdrawn by the social investor or Rang De.
How are social investments on Rang De different from donations?
Social Investments on Rang De are different from donations as the investors get back the principal invested along with a nominal financial return when the borrowers pay back their loan. Even though the financial return is nominal, the social return is phenomenal. Should you wish to make a traditional donation then you can use the Donate workflow to set up a revolving fund that will keep on investing on your behalf or make a donation to Rang De for its operations and these two options are exempt from tax.
What is my return on social investment?
You will earn an interest of 2.0% flat p.a. (3.5% APY) on your investment to borrowers of business loans. Your interest is calculated from the day the loan is disbursed to the borrower. This typically will be around a month's time from the date of investment.
Will a social investor get a receipt for payment on making a social investment?
When you make a social investment on Rang De, you will receive an email notification confirming all the details of the social investment. You will receive email notifications for all online transactions that you make on the website. Please get in touch with us if you do not receive these updates.
Is my investment and return assured?
Any social investment made via Rang De is for an unsecured loan for a low income household. Your investment and return are not assured. We recommend that you invest smaller sums of money across borrowers in different geographies to reduce the risk in your social portfolio.
What will be the mode of repayment to the social investors?
When the loan matures (the loan is completely repaid by the borrower), you will receive an e-mail informing that the loan has been fully repaid. You will have two options: Either to reinvest the money or opt to withdraw it to your bank account. In case of the latter, you will have to provide the details of your bank account and Rang De will make an online transfer. Withdrawals can only be made to a bank account in India.
In what time will I get my social investment repaid?
You will get back your entire social investment at the end of the loan tenure (typically 1 year or 2 years) with a return of 2.0% flat p.a. (3.5% APY) provided there is no default. However, your principal plus interest is repaid as equated monthly installments. So you do not really have to wait until the end of the loan tenure.
What are the payment options I can use to complete my social investment?
If you are an Indian National, you can use the following payment options to complete your social investment
- Credit/Debit Cards - MasterCard, Visa and SBI ATM-Cum Debit Cards
- Netbanking (All major banks)
- Mobikwik Wallet
- Ola Money
- Airtel Money
- Vodafone M-paise
- NEFT Transfer to our bank account after completing your social investment
If you are a Foreign National, you can use the following payment options to complete your social investment
- Credit/Debit Card
"Please note that Rang De has a special arrangement with its Payment gateway provider, under which you will NOT be charged any foreign transaction fee."
What is invest by date?
For every loan borrower who applies for a loan, there is a waiting period of 30 days during which the loan amount needs to be raised. The invest by date indicates the cut off date by which social investors need to make investments to the borrower.
Why does the borrower pay 10.0% flat p.a.(17.97% APR) when the social investor only gets a return of 2% flat p.a. (3.5% APY)?
As a social investor, Rang De gives you the same return that you would earn on your savings bank account. The 10.0% flat p.a. which is paid by the borrower is split among the impact partners, social investors, Rang De and a fund for contingencies. The social investments that you make are received by Rang De's impact partners who are responsible for identifying borrowers, disbursing loans and collecting repayments. The Impact Partner incurs expenses and the 5.5% is just enough to manage these costs. Rang De gets 2% flat on every loan for its operational costs and 0.5% is kept aside for contingencies.
What happens to the borrower if the loan is not completely raised in the time it was supposed to be raised?
In situations where the loan is not completely raised within the speculated amount of time, Rang De uses its Corporate CSR funds to fulfill the balance amount left to be raised.
I am a foreigner. How can I help?
Your options as a foreign contributor
As a foreign national, you will not be able to make a social investment. However, you can still make a donation either to our operations here or you can use our Donate to Invest option (read more about this option here). Do write in to us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you need any documentation for tax deduction purposes in your home country. Many of our social investors hail from different parts of the world and have joined us in the fight against poverty in India!
What is auto invest?
Auto invest is a feature that allows you to automatically invest your Rang De Credit. You can turn it on in your settings page.
How often will my Rang De Credit automatically get reinvested?
If you have selected the auto invest option, your Rang De credit will be reinvested as and when there is outstanding loan demand that has not been met within the stipulated time. The reinvestment will be subject to the availability of borrowers that fit your preferences.
Will I get notified once an investment is made?
Rang De Groups
What is a Rang De group?
Rang De groups let you engage with your friends, family and other social investors on Rangde.org. Rang De groups will allow you to lend to rural entrepreneurs as a team. As a group member, you can communicate with other members and see the activities of group members in the group activity feed.
How are 'Public' and 'Private' groups different?
'Public' and 'Private' groups are similar except for the fact that any one can join a 'Public' group while you need to request access to a 'Private' group.
How do I find and join a Rang De group?
You can look for a Rang De group of your choice on the groups page. You can search for groups or filter them by category.
Public - You can join the 'Public' groups by clicking on the 'Join Group' next to the desired group on the groups page. You may also click on 'Join Group' on an individual group page to join the group.
Private - You can request membership to 'Private' groups. Click on 'Request to Join' next to a group on the groups page. A form would show up where you can provide any details that might help the admins of a group approve your membership request. You may also request membership by clicking on the 'Request to Join' link on the group's page.
Is there a section on the website where I can locate all the groups that I am a part of?
You may view all of your groups under 'My Groups' under the 'My Rang De' tab.
How do I invite others to join my group?
You can invite your friends and family to join your group by sending them a templated email invite. There are links on the groups page and individual group pages that open an easy to use form. You may also share the group with your social connections on any social networking website.
Can I invite someone to my group who is not a Rang De social investor?
Yes, you may. The invitee will receive an email requesting to join your group on Rang De. Once they register with Rang De, they will be given an option to join your group.
I received an email inviting me to a Rang De group. What do I do to accept the invitation?
You may review and accept the invitations on 'My Groups' under the 'My Rang De' tab. Additionaly, you will be presented an option to accept invitation on the page for that group.
How do I communicate with other group members?
You may write messages to the group members on the group page. Please note that in order to write a message, you need to be a social investor (should have made at least one social investment).
How do I make an investment for a group?
During the 'Review' step of your social investment, you will be provided with a drop down that lists the groups which you are a member of. You may select one group for each borrower and your investment will applied for that group.
I want all my investments to be marked for a particular group. Can I set a preferred group?
You may update your group preferences in the 'preference' tab on the settings page. You will be asked to choose a group and save your preferences. Your preferred group would be auto-selected while making a social investment. If you have turned on Auto-Invest, all your investments will be tagged for this preferred group.
I want to create a new group for my college alumni. How do I do so?
You may create a new group by clicking on the 'Create Group' button on the groups page. Please note that you need to be a social investor (should have made at least one social investment) to be able to create a group.
What is the target for a group? How do I set it?
A target amount would specify the amount to be raised by the group within the specified date. This may be specified while creating or editing a group.
Who is a group Admin?
- A group admin is a group member with special responsibilities. A group admin can
- - Accept or Reject group membership requests.
- - Moderate group members by banning or unbanning them from the group.
- - Grant or revoke Admin membership to a group member.
- - Moderate messages posted on the group.
- - Chage the group settings.
My group has grown huge. I would like to have more admins. How can I do so?
In order to grant admin access to a group member, click on the 'Edit Members' link on the bottom left of the group page. Click 'Make Admin' beside the member who you would like to make admin.
How do I ban a group member?
In order to ban a member from the group, click on the 'Edit Members' link on the bottom left of the group page. Click 'Ban Member' beside the member who you would like to ban.
If you would like to un-ban some member, click on 'Load Banned Members' link on the bottom of the same page. Click 'Un-ban member' next to the member who is to be un-banned.
How do I leave a group?
You may leave a group by clicking on 'Leave Group' towards the bottom left of the group page.
I suspect spam/spurious content in a group. Where do I report it?
In case you suspect spam/spurious content on a group, please report it by clicking 'Report Abuse' on the bottom left of the group page.
My question is still unanswered. Who should I contact?
Please send an email to email@example.com for any further questions.
Rang De Gift Card
What is a Rang De Gift Card?
Rang De Gift Card is an easy way that a social investor can bring in the people they know into the Rang De family. Purchase a Gift Card for any amount that you desire and send it to a recipient who can utilise the amount as Rang De Credit that can be invested in a borrower on the platform. Please note that the existing Rang De Credit in your account cannot be utilised to top up a Gift Card.
How can I redeem a Rang De gift card?
- Visit the Gift Card Redeem page
- Enter the Gift Code included in your gift card and click redeem
The gift card amount will be added to your Rang De Credit balance. You can check your Rang De Credit balance on your Rang De dashboard at https://www.rangde.org/dashboard
Note: If you are not logged in or if you don't have a Rang De account, you will be asked to create a new account. Please register or log in and then click Redeem.
What happens when a Gift Card is not redeemed?
A person receiving a Rang De Gift Card has to redeem it within 30 days. Should they choose to redeem the Gift Card and avail Rang De Credit, they will have to make a social investment within 30 days. In case that the Gift Card is not redeemed within 30 days or the credit is not utilised within 30 days after redeeming then the Gift Card will expire and the account of the person who purchased the Gift Card will be credited an equivalent amount.
Withdrawing your Rang De Credit
What are the terms and conditions for withdrawal?
- You can withdraw the repayments that are credited into your Rang De account.
- You can only withdraw the money that you have received as repayments from the borrowers.
- The entire investment amount can be withdrawn only at the end of the loan tenure and on the condition that the borrower has repaid the loan.
- The minimum amount you can withdraw is Rs.100 (unless you do not have any outstanding repayments)
- Only if you have less than Rs 100 and no outstanding repayments will you be able to withdraw all of your Rang De Credit
- Withdrawals can only be made to a bank account in India.
How do I withdraw my Rang De Credit?
- Navigate to your dashboard by clicking here
- Click "Withdraw" in the dashboard header to the right side of your available Rang De Credit.
- Enter the amount of Rang De Credit that you want to withdraw and click submit after entering your account details.
What is the process once I have placed a request for withdrawal?
We will process your request and transfer the funds to your bank account or send your cheque within seven working days.
How will I get the withdrawal amount?
You can choose to get your withdrawal amount through a NEFT transfer or we can send you a cheque.
Are there any charges for withdrawals?
Yes, the charges are displayed in the withdrawal page under the corresponding options.
Can I withdraw my Rang De Credit to a bank account abroad?
No, we will only entertain withdrawal requests to bank accounts in India.
I have less than Rs. 100 of credit and I will not be getting any repayments. Will I be able to withdraw my remaining credit?
Yes you will. However, if your Rang De credit is less than the withdrawal charges, then you will not be able to withdraw it.
Rang De's Processes
How does the entire model work?
The model works as follows :
- (Potential) social investors can search and choose borrowers to make a social investment. You can invest as little as Rs.100.
- Rang De impact partners receive and disburse loans to their borrowers.
- The borrower repays loan according to a repayment schedule.
- You receive your money at the end of the tenure and earn an interest of 2% flat p.a. (3.5% APY)
Are the details on the borrower profile and the application details exactly the same?
We receive application forms that are KYC (Know Your Customer) compliant. The data on the application form is used to create profiles for the borrowers and uploaded on to the website. The profiles represent the data on the application form.
How long does Rang De take to do the screening?
We aim to process the application forms on a priority. They are screened and uploaded on www.rangde.org within 48 hours of receiving them from the impact partners.
Where are Rang De's borrowers located?
Rang De's borrowers are from underserved communities across India. Our focus is on states where a large section of the population is not included financially and need access to microcredit. A majority of the borrowers hail from remote rural areas.
Can I submit a borrower application for myself?
Currently, the first level of application screening is done by our impact partners. We do not accept loan applications from individuals.
Why are most of the listed borrowers women?
We do not have any preference for gender. It is prerogative of impact partners to identify and to work with communities of their choice. We are open to facilitating funds to men for their business needs.
Why are so many borrowers in the same occupation?
Some of the borrowers having the same occupation are members of a group of borrowers belonging to the same communities and, at times, are involved in similar activities. This is also an indicator of group homogenity. Having said that, we have facilitated funding for more than 500 different types of activities.
Why are the surnames of some borrowers the same? Are they part of the same family?
At times, the borrowers belonging to a particular community can have similar surnames and, at times, are also involved in similar businesses.
How are the borrowers profile listed on the website compiled?
We receive application forms from our impact partners that are KYC (Know Your Customer) compliant. The data on the application form is used to create profiles for the borrowers and uploaded on to the website. The profiles represent the data on the application form.
What happens in case a borrower defaults in repayments towards their Rang De loan?
If a borrower defaults on a loan due to a genuine reason (i.e. death, casualty, or a natural calamity) a part of the principal amount will be recovered from Rang De's contingency fund and the remaining portion will be borne by the social investor. In case of process violations (by Rang De or a Impact partner) the defaults (principal amount) will be met in full by Rang De or the impact partner, as the case may be. For more details, you can refer to our default policy and procedure document.
Borrower Application Process on the Ground
Who are the borrowers?
Borrowers of microcredit are typically people of very low income households who require working capital and credit. The investment you make as a social investor is usually towards the working capital of an individual whose occupation could vary from farming, livestock rearing, tailoring or other micro and cottage industries, mostly run by women. You can find borrowers whom you wish to help based on specific search criteria (state and category). Alternatively you can make a quick investment (where Rang De will select the borrowers).
How are the borrowers selected?
Borrowers are selected by impact partners based on their family income, their access to finance from traditional sources and other socio-economic factors. Our aim is to reach out to underserved communities, mostly first time borrowers who have never had access to microfinance before.
What are Rang De Evaluations?
Evaluations are post disbursal interactions with borrowers to understand how the loan has been utilised and the impact on the borrower. These evaluations are done by Rang De Team members.
What happens after the Evaluations?
Evaluations are very important to everyone in the Rang De ecosystem. Feedback from the evaluations is shared with the impact Partner as well as social investors. The impact partners are expected to work on the feedback within a given time frame and communicate this to Rang De. Stories from the evaluations are shared with social investors via email.
What do we do with stories of not-so successful cases?
Evaluations are meant to report the reality as it is from the community. We often share stories of hope and despair with social investors and work with our impact partners to address areas of concerns. Krishna Devi , for example, is currently saddled with debt and pays her dues to a moneylender as she repays a Rang De loan for a buffalo that could not immediately provide any milk. We communicate our feedback to our impact partners so that borrowers are not overburdened with debt and are given proper mentoring so that they can find a stable path towards a financial secure future. Evaluations help the Rang De team in deciding on future course of action and intervention.
What are the different types of evaluation that are done?
We currently perform audio evaluations as well as field evaluations that social investors can be a party to. Audio evaluations are done via phone conversations with the borrowers. Field evaluations are on the ground assessments done by Rang De team members by visiting and interacting with the borrowers. You can find our upcoming trips on our Field Trip Calendar and make a request to join us by writing in to firstname.lastname@example.org.
What do the evaluations include?
Rang De evaluations aim to capture information beyond the loan and its impact. It covers the following areas: Loan & loan utilisation, Impact of the loan, Financial Literacy of the Borrower, Loan Process & Compliance, Degree of Indebtedness, Feedback on the Loan Representative and Feedback on the impact Partner. Evaluation reports are shared with Rang De impact partners for them to take appropriate action and a summarised report is shared with social investors by email.
Rang De's Impact partners
What is a impact Partner?
Impact partners are registered non-profit organisations or non-profit microfinance institutions that work with underserved communities. With their partnership with Rang De, they are able to help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of the communities.
Why do we need impact partners?
We work through a network of impact partners identified after a thorough due diligence process. We do not lend to individuals or groups directly. Our impact partners identify borrowers from communities they work with. The impact partners are credible grass root level organisations and are responsible for identification of borrowers, disbursement of loans, collection of repayments. The impact partners also help us during the impact assessment visits by Rang De team members, volunteers or social investors like yourself.
Why do impact partners get a big portion of the interest?
Our impact partners are responsible for identification of borrowers, disbursement of loans and the collection of repayments. The impact partners also help us during the impact assessment visits by Rang De team members, volunteers or social investors like yourself. impact partners incur significant expenses ensuring the success of the Rang De model and the 5.5% is just enough to manage these costs.
What is APR?
APR (Annual Percentage Rate) refers to the interest rate on a loan that is calculated on an annual basis. A borrower will effectively pay interest on a loan that is equivalent to the APR i.e if a loan of Rs. 1000 is taken over a year, the interest to be paid is Rs. 100 in the case of flat interest. However, as the borrower makes each repayment, the loan amount is reducing which means that the interest amount should reduce too. This reduction is not included in a flat interest rate. Hence, the flat rate is recalculated to give an APR. Rang De's borrowers pay an interest of 17.97% APR (10.0% flat p.a. or 17.97% APR) which is 10% less than the APRs of other MFIs world-over.
What is APY?
APY (Annual Percentage Yield) refers to the annual rate of interest received by the social investor taking into account the effect of compounding. For example, if a social investor has made an investment of Rs. 1000, they will get an interest of Rs. 20 after their repayments. However after each payment, they will get the divided interest on Rs. 1000 loan and not the remaining loan amount. Hence, the flat rate is recalculated to give an APY. Rang De gives its social investor an APY of 3.5% (2% flat).
What is a flat interest rate?
A flat interest rate refers to the interest rate a borrower has to pay on a loan if they pay it at the end of the repayment period. Rang De charges its borrowers a flat interest rate of 10.0% flat p.a. (17.97% APR) i.e. for a loan of Rs. 1000 taken over a year, the amount the borrower has to pay is Rs. 1100 (Rs. 1000 for the loan and Rs. 100 as interest) divided equally over each repayment period (monthly, weekly, quarterly).
Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans
What are Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans?
Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans have been set up with the objective to help the staff of Rang De's Impact Partner organizations to access low cost loans through Rang De. The loans can be taken to attend important needs like business, education, asset creation for self-use.
Why have Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans been set up?
During the Impact Partner Conclave held in March 2013, a need for low cost financial support to the staff of Rang De's impact partners was felt. During the course of discussions, it was observed that often people working for the financial support of the communities find it difficult to access credit. It was with this background that idea of community loans was envisaged
What is the interest rate breakup of Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans?
|Loan Product||Impact Partner||Rang De||Social Investor||Contingency||Total (Flat)||Total (APR)*|
|Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans||1%||2%||2%||0%||5%||9%|
|Loan Product||Impact Partner||Rang De||Social Investor||Contingency||Total (APR)*|
|Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans||1.8%||3.6%||3.6%||0%||9%|
When is an organisation eligible for Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans?
In order to access the loans for its employees the Impact Partner should meet the following criteria
- The organization should have been Rang De's Impact Partner for at least 1.5 years.
- The organization should have minimum average outstanding portfolio of Rs.25 Lakhs as on last day of the preceding month in which loans are applied. The average outstanding portfolio will be average loan outstanding of last 6 months.
- The organization should have satisfactory relationship with Rang De which includes timely repayments, submission of reports etc.
A final call regarding an organisation's eligibility will be taken by Rang De and its decision shall be considered final.
When is an applicant eligible for Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans?
The eligibility criteria for availing the Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans is as follows:
- The applicant should be a permanent team member (staff) of the organization with a monthly remuneration.
- The applicant should be in continuous service of the organization since last three years.
- The applicant should not be repaying a loan from the employer/other MFI at the time of loan application.
What are the terms of Rang De Impact Partner Staff Loans?
- An applicant can apply for a loan up to a maximum of Rs.15,000 or twice their gross salary whichever is lower. For the purpose of calculation, last drawn salary (excluding bonus) by the employee will be taken into account. Gross salary can include any PF contributions made by the employer.
- The loans will be provided for a tenure of 12 months.
- Loans will be facilitated to a maximum of 8 employees per organization or 50% of total employee count whichever is lower. The employee count will be number of employees as on last day of the preceding financial year.
- The repayments will be made out of monthly deductions from the salaries payable every month to the employee.
- If the assistance is approved and disbursed in month one, the deduction from the salary will start from month two.
- If an employee leaves the company while there is loan amount remaining to be recovered, balance amount will be recovered in lump sum from employee's Full & Final pay-out.
- No top up loans will be provided
- Next loan can only be taken by the employee after 2 months of successful repayment of the first loan (called cooling off period).
- The loan applications will be submitted online through Rang De's online application and all formalities regarding documentation including waiting period of 30 days to raise funds will be applicable for these loans.
What are the Impact Partner's responsibilities?
- The Impact Partner will act as a guarantor for the loans facilitated to its employees by Rang De.
- The Impact Partner should ensure that loans are facilitated only to the eligible candidates and to undertake proper due diligence as is done in case of other loans facilitated through Rang De.
- The Impact Partner will ensure timely remittance of repayments to Rang De.
What is Nomination?
Nomination is a facility that enables a Rang De Social Investor to nominate an individual, who can claim the credit available in his/her Rang De Investment account, post the demise of the original Social Investor.
What is the benefit of nomination?
In the event of the death of a Social Investor, Rang De can release the account/credit without insisting upon a Succession Certificate, Letter of Administration or Court Order.
Who can nominate?
A nomination can be made only in respect of a Rang De account which is held in the individual capacity of a Social Investor and not in any representative capacity such as the holder of an office like a Director of a Company, Secretary of an Association, partner of a firm, or Karta of an HUF.
How can I get a nomination form?
Please click here
Who can I nominate?
There can be only one nominee for one Rang De Account and the nominee must be an individual.
Can I nominate a minor?
Yes, nomination favouring a minor is permitted on the condition that the Social Investor, while making the nomination, appoints another individual as a guardian, other than the holders in the account.
What are the basic guidelines to be followed while completing a nomination form?
The form needs to be complete and duly signed by the Social Investor.
The Social Investor ID number of the Rang De account that is being nominated must be specifically mentioned in the nomination forms.
The Social Investor has to submit his/her photo ID along with the signed form. (List of documents)
If a minor is being nominated on the account, minor's Date of Birth (DOB) is mandatory along with complete details of the guardian, with necessary signatures of the guardian appointed.
Does the nomination have to be witnessed?
The signatures of the Rang De Social Investor need to be attested by two witnesses.
Can I cancel or change the nomination which I made earlier?
Cancellation or changes in the nomination can be made at any time as long as the account is in force. While making a nomination, cancellation or variation, rules applicable to attestation by witnesses need to be followed.
How can a nominee claim the Investment made in Rang De?
In the event of the death of a Social Investor, the nominee should contact Rang De, along with his/her photo ID proof and he/she will be guided accordingly.
What would happen if no nomination is made for my Rang De account?
In case you have not made any nomination, your Rang De investment would be transmitted to the account of legal heir(s), as may be determined by an order of the competent court.
How do I leave the available credit for investment in other Rang De borrowers?
A Social Investor can also leave the credit available to be continuously invested in Rang De’s borrowers. Kindly write to us expressing your wish to do the same at email@example.com.